Glaucoma is an ocular condition where high eye pressure can lead to optic nerve damage which results in vision loss over time. The optic nerve can not tolerate elevated pressure and will result in optic nerve damage and nerve fiber layer loss if left untreated.
How Glaucoma Affects Your Vision
- With nerve fiber layer loss, the peripheral vision will be the first to suffer.
- As the disease advances, you will slowly start to lose your central vision.
- Most people do not experience any pain or notice any decrease in vision until there is significant loss, which is why regular check ups are so important to maintaining optimal health.
- When diagnosed early, glaucoma is easily treatable through the use of pressure lowering drops and various surgical options.
- Early diagnosis and treatment are the key to preventing and minimizing the progression of any vision loss associated with glaucoma.
- It’s important to note that when suffering from glaucoma, most patients will not experience any pain or obvious vision loss.
Risk factors for developing glaucoma include:
- Positive family history
- Elevated eye pressures
- Larger cup to disk ratio of the optic nerve
Detection and Treatment
- Goldmann applanation tonometry, the gold standard method in evaluating eye pressures
- Receiving a 3D digital scan of the optic nerve to determine nerve tissue thickness
- Evaluating the eye’s drainage system
- Managing glaucoma using pressure lowering eye drops
- Performing a threshold visual field test to assess peripheral vision
At Golden Vision Optometry, screening tests for glaucoma are conducted in all annual eye examinations. For more information on treating glaucoma, or to schedule an appointment please contact us today at (949) 552-4271.